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BOISE -- The Idaho House resoundingly killed a final
attempt Thursday to impose Idaho's state cigarette tax on Indian reservations.
"We don't need any more tax increases, and we certainly don't need
an issue over taxes that creates ill will with our tribal brethren,"
declared Rep. Lenore Barrett, R-Challis.
Said Rep. Hilde Kellogg, R-Post Falls, "This bill doesn't solve
anything, it just makes it worse. Please vote no."
All five of Idaho's Indian tribes opposed the bill, and the Idaho Indian
Affairs Council, which Kellogg leads as chairwoman, voted against it
earlier in the session. In fact, the House already had narrowly killed
the bill once, when it was proposed as HB 135 by former Coeur d'Alene
Rep. Don Pischner, who is now lobbying for a group of convenience stores.
House Majority Leader Lawerence Denney, R-Midvale, made several attempts
to revive the bill after senators unsuccessfully tried to tack it onto
an unrelated bill as an amendment. His final attempt, HB 455, pushed
off the effective date of the new tax to July 1, 2004, a move Denney
said allowed a chance for the state to negotiate with the tribes.
"I don't see this as a gun to the head," Denney told the House.
"I see this as a way to force us to negotiate."
But House members disagreed so strenuously that the bill failed on an
18-52 vote, earning Denney the "crow," a black wooden bird
that sits on the desk of a member who's gotten fewer than 20 votes on
a bill he or she sponsored. The bird had been on Democratic Rep. Margaret
Henbest's desk, and the Boise representative happily passed it on.
Alice Koskela, legislative affairs director for the Coeur d'Alene Tribe,
praised the vote.
"Of course, the tribe is very pleased that this issue seems finally
to have been laid to rest," she said. "It was a bad idea to
Idaho's tribes have been considering raising their own tribal cigarette
tax rates if the state raises its cigarette tax. The Coeur d'Alene,
Nez Perce and Shoshone-Bannock tribes all have informed legislators
that they're considering proportionate increases, so that a state cigarette
tax increase wouldn't increase the disparity between the state and tribal
Bill Roden, lobbyist for the Coeur d'Alene Tribe, said, "I do think
there will be discussions over the summer and the fall between the Legislature
and the tribes. They've all indicated a willingness to do that."
He added, "While it's been very frustrating, it's positive in the
sense that the House indicated a willingness to let the negotiation
process work without a hammer over their head."
David Kerrick, lobbyist for the Nez Perce Tribe, called the lopsided
vote "quite a pleasant surprise."
Among North Idaho House members, only two -- Reps. Dick Harwood, R-St.
Maries, and Wayne Meyer, R-Rathdrum -- voted in favor of the bill, while
all the rest voted against it. Both Meyer and Harwood said they saw
it as a fairness issue.
"We've got businesses right next door to the smoke shops that have
to pay tax on those cigarettes," said Harwood, whose district includes
the Coeur d'Alene Reservation. "It's just not fair."
Mark EchoHawk, who is filling in for Pocatello Rep. Elmer Martinez,
told the House that tobacco sales are an important revenue source for
"Indian reservations need economic development," he said.
"This bill takes it away."
Napolitano noted that not all the penalties were equal.
"I object to the bill's provision making it a felony for a minor
to purchase cigarettes through a delivery service, while keeping the
sales and delivery of cigarettes as a petty offense," the governor
wrote in her 12th veto message since taking office.
She also complained that the legislation would have allowed retailers
to rely on a "commercially available data base" to determine
if the would-be purchaser is of legal age - 18 in Arizona.
The governor said that sellers should have to rely on government-issued
Finally, Napolitano said, both the Department of Revenue and the state
Attorney General's Office "have expressed concerns regarding the
enforcement of the revenue provisions of this bill."
The governor said she is willing to work with lawmakers and tobacco
sellers to come up with a more comprehensive regulatory method than
in this bill.
The government yesterday decided to ban the online
sale of cigarettes to help prevent minors from smoking.
In a Cabinet meeting presided over President Roh Moo-hyun, the government
approved a revision bill of the state cigarette industry law to ban
the sale of cigarettes over the Internet.
Violators will be subject to fines up to 5 million won.
With the measure, even retailers who have their own cigarette stores
will be prohibited from selling cigarettes in cyberspace.